NIST Risk Assessment Checklist

The Department of Defense has given qualified contractors until the end of the year to comply with the NIST 800-171 requirements.

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NIST Risk Assessment Checklist

Last Updated January 2019

The Department of Defense has given qualified contractors until the end of the year to comply with the NIST 800-171 requirements.

1. Access Control

  • Limit information system access to authorized users.
  • Separate the duties of individuals to reduce the risk of malevolent collusion.
  • Limit unsuccessful login attempts.
  • Require encryption and authentication of various devices (including mobile devices), and route remote access through managed access control points.

2. Awareness and Training

  • Educate managers, systems administrators and users about security risks associated with their activities and applicable policies, standards and procedures.
  • Provide security awareness training on recognizing and reporting potential indicators of insider threat.

3. Audit and Accountability

  • Use automated mechanisms to integrate and correlate audit and reporting processes.
  • Support on-demand analysis and reporting.

4. Configuration Management

  • Limit the types of programs user can install.
  • Control and monitor all user-installed software.

5. Identification and Authentication

  • Prevent reuse of identifiers for a defined period.
  • Disable identifiers after a defined period of inactivity.
  • Enforce minimum password complexity, i.e., “smart passwords” and implement a dual authentication solution like DUO.

6. Incident Response

  • Develop and test an incident response plan

7. Maintenance

  • Ensure equipment removed off-site is sanitized of any CUI.
  • Require multifactor authentication to establish nonlocal maintenance.

8. Media Protection

  • Protect (i.e., physically control and securely store) information system media (paper and digital) containing CUI.
  • Sanitize or destroy information system media containing CUI before disposal or release for reuse.

9. Personnel Security

  • Screen individuals prior to authorizing access to systems containing CUI.

10. Physical Protection

  • Maintain audit logs of physical access.
  • Control and manage physical access devices.

11. Risk Assessment

  • Scan for and remediate vulnerabilities in the information system and applications.

12. Security Assessment

  • Periodically assess and monitor the security controls for effectiveness in their applications.
  • Develop and implement plans of action designed to correct deficiencies and reduce/eliminate vulnerabilities.

13. System and Communications Protection

  • Separate user functionality from information system management functionality.
  • Implement cryptographic mechanisms to prevent unauthorized disclosure of CUI during transmission.
  • Control and monitor the use of Voice over Internet Protocol technologies.

14. System and Information Integrity

  • Update malicious code protection mechanisms when new releases are available.
  • Identify unauthorized use of the information system.

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